The Riveter By Ben Shahn is a poster showing a hard working America trying to get his life back in check after the great depression. One way that the government tried to create more jobs was through the WPA, which carried out public works projects. The WPA was the largest new deal agency and helped millions of people throughout the country. In the imagine the worker is working hard as the industrial revolution was coming into effect after the great depression. The posters main colors in the background are red and blue, symbolizing the United States and its idea of a new beginning which is another theme of this time period.
Shahn, Ben. National Archives and Records Administration, National Archives and Records Administration, www.archives.gov/exhibits/new_deal_for_the_arts/images/celebrating_the_people/riveter.html.
In this poem, Emily Dickinson uses multiple images to show what success means to her. She begins the poem saying “success is counted sweetest by those who ne’er succeed” to Emily Dickinson she believes success feels the best by those who have already felt defeat. She emphasis this in the next line when she compares “nectar” to success, both being sweet. In many of Emily Dickinson poems she uses nature to illustrate the message of the poem and she does it again when she mentioned nectar.“Not one of all the purple Host Who took the Flag today” this is another reference to success but instead the purple host could be people capturing the flag of an opponent. Dickinson then goes on to say “As he defeated dying… The distant strains of Triumph” this might refer to the loser laying on the ground listening to the victor rejoice but the only way to experience victory is through defeat first.
The African American Civil War Memorial is located in Washington D.C. and was dedicated in July 1998. This memorial was built to “Correct a great wrong in history that largely ignored the enormous contribution of the 209,145 members of the United States Colored Troops (Memorial website).” The African American Civil War Freedom Foundation was the main contributor to the payment of the Memorial and other donors were big contributors. Memorial still depends on donations from people but now the main source of money comes from the museum they added to the memorial.
The African American Civil War Freedom Foundation was founded in 1992 to tell the unknown story of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) and their first proposal was to build the African American Civil War Memorial. African American soldiers effort in the civil war is greatly unappreciated and without the African American soldiers the Union might have lost the civil war. But still there are not enough monuments or memorials celebrating the effort of the African American soldiers. So having the African American Civil War Memorial means a lot too many people around the country.
Around the memorial is a wall of honor that displays the names of more than 200,000 African American soldiers who fought for the Union army. In December 2013, police officers were sent to the memorial because gunshots were fired around the memorial. 60 gunshots were fired resulting in damage to the wall of honor. The director of the memorial said, “This [memorial] has been up here for almost 20 years — this is the first time this has happened. This is a safe neighborhood (Lanham).” This was not seen as direct hatred towards the memorial but instead just a gun fight that happen to occur around the memorial.
“Memorial & Museum History.” Afroamcivilwar.org, www.afroamcivilwar.org/about-us/memorial-museum-history.html.
Lanham, Md. “Gunfire Damages African American Civil War Memorial.” CBS DC, 27 Dec. 2013, washington.cbslocal.com/2013/12/27/gunfire-damages-african-american-civil-war-memorial/.
My first source is another article from the New York Times, One Moment in Time by Gordon Marino. This source draws more attention to what led the black athletes to protest and the aftermath of what happens to the athletes after the protest is seen worldwide.
I find this source very good for my research because it gets quotes from the athletes and the people around the salute. “One word led to another, and within minutes the two were locked in a near-violent confrontation. Marino” This near violent confrontation occurred when Harry Edwards wanted better living space for black athletes at San Jose State. This is another example of the racial issues that led to the black athletes wanting to boycott the Olympics and the black power salute. “The American news media were brutal. At home, most blacks smiled; most whites smoldered. Marino” This newspaper article talks about the aftermath of the black power salute and how it affected Tommie Smith and John Carlos. As the quote says the News media wanted to turns the salute into a form of disrespect towards America and what it stands for.
My last source is a documentary about the black power salute and the athlete’s involved with the salute. This documentary also focused on the the black track athletes before the Olympics and their time at San Jose State. The documentary gives an inside look at the athletes by interviewing them and getting a chance to hear their point of view which was nice.
Marino, Gordon. One Moment in Time. New York Times.
My first source is the book 1968: The year that rocked the world by Mark Kurlansky. This book talks about the controversy year 1968 which brought us the fall of President Nixon, Prague springs and my main focus the Summer Olympics. The chapter I focus on mainly explains what led to the black power salute and the reaction from the International Olympic Committee.
This chapter starts off talking about the controversy around race in the U.S. impacting the outcome of the summer Olympics. “The most apparent controversy on the horizon, the U.S. race conflicts. Kurlansky 321” Many black athletes were going to boycott the Olympics in protest of the race issues in the country. “Rather than run and jump for medals, we are standing up for humanity. Kurlansky 327” The idea of boycotting the Olympics split even the black community especially when athletes like Willie Mays and Jesse Owens wouldn’t boycott the Olympics. This chapter really focused on the lead up to the Olympics from the standpoint of black athletes.
The next source I used is an article from the New York Times. G.I athletes train for Olympics and to stay out of K.P duty by Bill Becker, this articles doesn’t look at the black power salute but it describes how much pride the United states took in the the summer Olympics. This is helpful because at first black athletes were going to boycott the Olympics and this made Americans very upset. This source is a different side to the story of the summer Olympics.
Kurlansky, Mark. 1968: the year that rocked the world. Ballantine, 2004.
Becker, Bill. “G.I athletes train for Olympics and to stay out of K.P duty .” New York times.
The book Jimmy Corrigan by Chris Ware was very confusing at the beginning but as I continued to read it I felt everything fall into place. The reason it was confusing was because to me the author threw a lot at the reader and he didn’t stop to explain it. The overall theme/idea in Jimmy Corrigan is the dysfunction that occurs in some households can really effect the child or children. Jimmy is worried that whenever he comes too close to someone they’ll end up leaving him or blowing him off just like his dad did to him and his mother. Many kids also feel the same when they’re parents aren’t close or if they don’t know one of their parent. This is evident when Jimmy goes to pick up his mail and Peggy completely blows him off. Jimmy is use to this from people so he wasn’t as hurt by it. Dysfunction in a household can alter the way a child reacts to situations and how to deal with awkward situations. An example of this from the book is when Jimmy and Amy are told they’re dad has died, Jimmy doesn’t have a reaction to this but Amy immediately started crying. Jimmy didn’t know what to do once Amy started crying and he didn’t know how to deal with this situation so he decided to just flee.
“Our national language is Arabic and the hijackers are from Arab countries so I was scared that when I speak Arabic in public it would affect because hijackers also speak Arabic. -Francis Olimpio”
I interviewed my dad about what he experience on September 11, 2001 and his experience after the terrorist attacks. My parents came to America in August of 1999, they were fleeing from their homeland of South Sudan which was and still is to this day experiencing civil war. Being a new immigrant of this country and having to witness the terrorist attack wasn’t knew to them but they were more scared of how others would treat them when they would speak Arabic in public. Many foreigners also feared the exact same thing and many even considered moving to a different country or back to their homeland.
“I had many different feelings and because of these insecurities I wanted to go back home…But United States struggled hard to understand the Arab people, So far right now it’s safe. -Francis Olimpio”
I found AL Qaeda’s Outsize Shadow by Scott Shane very powerful to me because it made me look at 9/11 from Al Qaeda’s point of view and other muslims. I was really intrigued by this article because not only did it look at 9/11 but also other terrorists attacks from the Al Qaeda. 9/11 was a terrible attack that occurred but it also help strengthen our security and keep us alert. “Many Americans feared that the Sept. 11 attacks were only the beginning.” 9/11 was the first attack on American soil in a long time so it really had a lot of people scared but it also created the hatred towards the middle east to increase even though a lot of terrorists attacks on American soil aren’t done by Jihadist groups. “For an American, the chance each year of being killed by a terrorist of any ideology anywhere in the world is vanishingly small,” according to John Mueller, a political scientist at Ohio State. The hatred toward Muslims makes me upset because these are good people who are being discriminated because of some idiots that they have zero connection with them other than both sharing the same religion. I know many people who are Muslim and everyday they wake up scared what might happen to them if they say something wrong to the wrong person or just wearing a hijab. Most of them came to America to escape persecution but now they’re being persecuted even more in America, “Land of the Free.” I understand how 9/11 effected many people but don’t hate the people who are innocent and just came to America to experience the American dream. I’m not saying that we need to ignore the extremist because they are the one’s that like causing turmoil and need to be eliminated. I really hope for a change of heart when it comes to the innocent Muslims.
Boxing is a great example of American Culture because it can connect people of races which is what American culture is all about. Whats’s more American than spending my Saturday night watching a boxing match between an Conor Mcgregor, Irish man and Floyd Mayweather, African American in Las Vegas. Even though I tried not to think of the fight as a racial fight others were quick to jump to that especially when people were telling Conor to “beat that N word” Boxing has been linked to racial issues since the beginning particularly when the Great, Muhammad Ali to a stand against racial injustices. People like Muhammad Ali and other who fought for racial injustice would have been so disappointed with us especially with the events that occurred in Charlottesville this passed summer. If only we still had people like Ali to sacrifice everything change how people see racism. This boxing match showed how people of all races can come together and watch a fight but people still can’t come together and fight for actual equality like an American is suppose to do. So yes the most American thing I did this past weekend was watch a boxing match between a white man and a black man, and the black man was the winner at the end.